Maryland CDL License Requirements

To begin a career as a truck driver in Maryland, you must first obtain a Maryland commercial driver's license (CDL). There are typically three types of CDL licenses that can vary slightly from state to state. The State of Maryland classifies commercial vehicles using the following criteria:

  • Class A: Combination vehicles weighing 26,001 pounds or more, with a trailer exceeding 10,000 pounds
  • Class B: Single or combination vehicles exceeding 26,001 pounds, with a trailer less than 10,000 pounds
  • Class C: Vehicles under 26,001 pounds carrying 16 or more passengers or transporting hazardous materials

To qualify for a CDL in Maryland, you must be at least 18 years old, pass a vision exam and obtain a medical certificate. The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) regulates the transportation of cargo between states. USDOT requires all drivers who transport materials across state lines to be at least 21 years old. Applicants then need to take a general knowledge exam and a practical skills test, which includes a pre-trip vehicle inspection and an on-road driving test. For the driving test, applicants must use a vehicle in the same class for which they are trying to obtain a CDL license--for example, if you wish to obtain a Class B CDL, you must test in a Class B vehicle.

Additional endorsements are then needed to drive certain types of vehicles including trucks with air brakes, double/triple trailers, tanker trucks or school buses. Endorsements are also needed to transport passengers or to haul hazardous materials (Hazmat). A background check by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is required for a Hazmat endorsement. A truck driving school will provide you with the knowledge and on-road driving skills needed to pass the Maryland CDL exams.

Resources for Maryland CDL Requirements

Visit the Maryland Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle Administration website for more information.

Learn more about Maryland trucking schools.

Truck Driver Salary in Maryland

Location 25th Percentile 75th Percentile Annual Salary
United States $31,270 $48,330 $38,700
Maryland $33,300 $48,670 $40,700
Baltimore-Towson, MD $32,690 $48,230 $40,720
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division $34,450 $47,390 $40,410
Cumberland, MD-WV $31,830 $45,680 $40,680
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV $34,020 $53,540 $40,380
Salisbury, MD $28,550 $51,090 $35,660

Table data taken from 2015 BLS (